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British South Africa Police:
The British South Africa Police (BSAP) was the police force of the British South Africa
Company established by Cecil Rhodes through the amalgamation of the Central Search
Association and the Exploring Company Ltd after receiving a Royal Charter in 1889. The
BSAC of Cecil Rhodes became the national police force of Southern Rhodesia, the
British colony situated north of the Limpopo River and the Union of South Africa. Its
successor after the declaration of UDI in 1965 became Rhodesia and is known today as
The BSAP was the quintessential Colonial Police Force with an extremely high standard
of acceptance, presence and dress, operating largely unnarmed until the advent of
hostilities in the early sixties.
A protracted Guerrila war saw the BSAP morph into a number of Regular and part time
Para military units.
Perhaps unwisely and with the wisdom of hindsight the Guerilla War in Rhodesia, initially
and for the most part was designated a Police action. This was probably due to concerns
that a more appropriate description may have had a detrimental effect on the all important
tourist industry. Not until the later and more desperate stages of the conflict were the
highly efficient and effective Regular Military units able to operate autonomously of
traditionally restrictive colonial structures and inflict devastating losses upon the enemy.
Plagiarised facts and Editorial opinion
The Rhodesian Light Infantry Regimental
Assocation of Australasia